The First Maryland Regiment originated as Smallwood's Battalion from Maryland in 1776. It's designation changed to the First Maryland Regiment upon the creation of the Continental Army under General George Washington.

Battles of the First Maryland

-as Smallwood’s Battalion

27 August 1776 Battle of Long Island: First American troops to use the bayonet against the British. Of the 400 Marylanders Serving nearly 300 troops  were killed, wounded, or captured. Their sacrifice allowed the rest of Washington's army to escape disaster, enabling the retreat from Brooklyn to Manhattan Island, thus preserving the fledgling American Army.

16 September 1776 Harlem Heights, NY

28 October 1776 White Plains, NY

16 November 1776 Fort Washington, NY

26 December 1776 Trenton, NJ

-as the First Maryland Regiment

3 January 1777 Princeton, NJ

 1777 Winter Encampment Morristown, NJ  (6 January 1777 – 28 May 1777)

22 August 1777 Sullivan’s raid against Staten Island, NY

11 September 1777 Brandywine, PA

4 October 1777 Germantown, PA

 1777-1778 Winter Encampment Smallwood and the Marylanders spent the winter in Wilmington, DE, and rejoined Washington in June 1778. (Washington and main army encamped at Valley Forge 19 December 1777 – 20 June 1778)

28 June 1778 Battle of Monmouth Courthouse, NJ

16 September 1778 Phillips Heights, NY

1778-1779 Winter Encampment Middlebrook, NJ

16 July 1779 Stoney Point: About 150 Maryland volunteers participate in the attack on Stoney Point on the Hudson River led by Gen. Anthony Wayne. The fort was taken totally with the bayonet.

1779-1780 Winter Encampment Morristown, NJ (1 December 1779 – 22 June 1780)

First Maryland Regiment Transferred to the Southern Department

16 April 1780 Leave for Charleston, SC, with 12 field pieces

16 August 1780 Battle of Camden, SC. The Americans are surprised and the gallantry of the Marylanders saves the army from total destruction.

17 January 1781 Battle of Cowpens, SC. Daniel Morgan and John Eager Howard gain a victory against Banastre Tarleton.

15 March 1781 Battle of Guilford Courthouse, NC. The First Maryland's most famous battle. The Americans lose the field but gallantly attack the best British regiments with the bayonet and force Cornwallis to fire artillery at his own men to save the day.

25 April 1781 Hobkirk’s Hill, SC.

22 May 1781 Ninety-Six, SC. Siege of Ninety Six begins on 22 May 1781; General Nathanael Green ends the siege on 19 June 1781.

8 September 1781 Eutaw Springs, SC.

23 August 1782 Combahee Ferry, SC. Last engagement of any size.